Friday, August 5, 2011

Class IX, PAKISTAN STUDIES, "Short Notes"

Heavy Industry

Heavy industry is that industry which not only produces goods on large scale but also produces machines and raw material for other industries e.g. Pakistan Steel Mill and Shipyard in Karachi.

Example of Heavy Duty Industry

There are 11 types of Industries working in Pakistan.

(1) The petroleum products Industry.

(2) Automobile Industry.

(3) Cement and Chemical fertlizers Industry.

(4) Ghee and Cooking oil Industry.

(5) Tobacco and Cigarette Industry.

(6) Textile Industry.

(7) Leather goods Industry.

(8) Paper products Industry.

(9) Cosmetics and toilet Chemical Industry.

(10) Plastic goods Industry.

(11) Sugar Industry.

Public Sector Industry

From 1970 the government is producing heavy industrial goods. But some heavy industries have been sold to the private sector. At this time cooperation and 40 industrial units are in public sector to 2001 sector provided 24886 jobs to the people. Pakistan Steel Mill is the biggest industry in public sector which produces basic raw material for the industry.

Defence Industry

Defence industry plays an important role in safety of our country. In Wah Aid Texila, defence industries are preparing small and large weapons. Texila defence industry was set up with the help of China, Kahuta Laboratories and promoting aur nuclear program. At Chashma there are similar laboratories which are fulfilling the requirements of our defence. Through the Fauji Foundation some other industries have been setup in which retired army personnel are engaged to produce different goods including army uniforms.


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