1. Allah has created plants, trees, minerals and water for human beings as well as animals. They are called natural resources.
2. The upper layer of the earth which is composed of different thin rock particles is helpful in the growth of vegetation and plants that is called soil.
3. Solid particles air and water are the basic components of soil.
4. Those materials which are transported from one place to another by rivers and deposited at other places are called Alluvium soil.
5. Wind transports the material from one place to another which is deposited over the surface that is called Aeolian soil.
6. The Indus plain is made with the deposition of Alluvium by the Indus River and its tributes.
7. Bangar soils cover a vast area of the Indus Plain.
8. Indus Delta soils extend from Hyderabad to the South Coastal area.
9. Rice is cultivated in the major part of Indus Delta soils.
10. 1/3 of the total energy requirements of Pakistan are fulfilled by forests.
11. It is important for balanced economy of a country to have forests on about 25% of area.
12. There are evergreen forests in northern and north-western parts of Pakistan.
13. Northern and north-western parts of Pakistan receive more rainfall due to evergreen forests.
14. Hardwood for the making of furniture is available from evergreen forests.
15. The dry hill forests are found at altitude of about 900 to 3000 meters in Quetta and kalat division of Balochistan.
16. Mangrove forests are found along the coastline from Karachi to Kutch.
17. Forests provide wood as fuel in place of coal.
18. Rivers carry huge amount of sand and silt that fill our dams and lakes.
19. Forests make 3.6% of the total area of Pakistan.
20. The mineral development corporation was established in 1975.
21. Iron ore, Chromites and Copper are the Metallic Minerals.
22. Rock Salt, Limestone, Gypsum, Marble and Sulphure are the Non-Metallic marbles.
23. China Clay and Fire Clay are the Non-Metallic marbles.
24. Gemstone is a Non-Metallic marbles.
25. Coal Natural Gas and Crude Oil are the Power Resources minerals.
26. The biggest mine of coal is Salt Range in Punjab.
27. The oil obtained from Attock, Jhelum and Chakwal districts is refined in Morgah Refinery near Rawalpindi.
28. The reservoirs of natural gas are in Sui, Uch, Zin, Kherpur, Muzrani, Hindi, Kundkot, Sarung, Dhodak, Peerkoh and Dhullian.
29. Pakistan set up a Steel Mill in Karachi with the cooperation of Russia.
30. The biggest reservoir of iron is found in Kala Bagh.
31. Chromite is a white metal which is used to make iron.
32. The biggest mine of rock salt is found at Khewra.
33. Limestone is very useful raw material for cement industry.
34. Gypsum is a bright stone of white colour.
35. In Khyber Agency at Mullah Gori, the best kind of Marble is found.
36. Angora (District Swat) and Tharparkar (Sindh) are known for China Clays.
37. Fire Clay is used in kilns of bricks.
38. 25% area of total area of Pakistan is cultivated.
39. Wheat, Sugarcane, maize and rice are major food crops.
40. 55% of peoples are working in the field of Agriculture.
41. 70% cultivated area of the country is under irrigation system.
42. The artificial way of watering the crops is called Irrigation.
43. Pakistan is irrigated by five rivers which are Rave, Stale, Helium, China and Indus.
44. Karez system of irrigation is used in Balochistan.
45. River Indus, Jhelum and Chenab are the main sources of water for Pakistan.
46. Upper Ban Doab and Lower Ban Doab are two important canals of river Ravi.
47. The upper Chenab and lower Chenab irrigate the area of Rachna Doab.
48. Upper Jhelum and lower Jhelum irrigates the area of Chaj Doab.
49. The Peshawar area is irrigated by the canal from Swat River.
50. Hydroelectricity and thermal electricity are important Power Resources.
51. The Ghazi Barotha project in river Indus is used for Hydroelectricity.
52. This Tarbela Dam dam is situated on Indus River.
53. The Tarbela is one of the biggest Dams of the world.
54. The Mangla Dam is located on Jhelum River.
55. Pakistan has operated Atomic Blasts in Chagi in Balochistan on 28 May 1998.