Thursday, June 30, 2011

Class IX, ENGLISH, "Moen-Jo-Daro"

Question and Answers

Q.1 What does Moen-Jo-Daro means? Where is it situated?

Ans. Moen-Jo-Daro means “Mound of the Dead”. It is situated at a distance of 27km from Larkana on the right bank of river Indus.

Q.2 Who was Sir John Marshall?

Ans. Sir John Marshall was an English civil servant, whose work was to look after historical remains, like ancient building and other old things such as these pieces of pots and bricks. He was very interested in history and was anxious to find out about these remains.

Q.3 What did Sir John Marshall remark, when pieces of old pots and bricks were brought to him?

Ans. sir John Marshall was an English civil servant who was interested in old historical remains. So when some villagers brought pieces of old pots and bricks he at once know that they were pieces of historical remains.
He remarked that perhaps these was an ancient city lying under the mound of day and sand. He directed the villagers to dig there in the hope that they would uncover the remains of an ancient city.

Q.4 What was the occupations of the people of Moen-Jo-Daro?

Ans. The people of Moen-Jo-Daro were traders. They traded with other cities and traveled from place to place on business.
They were skilled craft men who worked with gold and silver.
They were farmers who grew wheat, rice and cotton and they also kept cattle.

Q.5 How was the city of Moen-Jo-Daro planned?

Ans. The city of Moen-Jo-Daro was a well planned and cleaned city. Each house was made of large baked bricks and a bathroom and servant-quarters close by covered drains beside the streets. The streets were made of baked bricks.
There was a great hall where grain were stored. There is a wide road in the middle of which was the shopping centre with shops on both sides.

Q.6 Name any four objects on exhibition in the Moen-Jo-Daro Museum? or Name any four findings of Moen-Jo-Daro?

Ans. The objects found in Moen-Jo-Daro are:
1. A metal statue of a dancing girl.
2. Seals, Gold, Silver and Ivory Jewelery.
3. Painted Pottery
4. Metal tools and weapons.
5. The head of a bull.

Q.7 How old is the civilization of Moen-Jo-Daro?

Ans. The civilization of Moen-Jo-Daro is 4500 years old.

Q.8 How did this civilization come to an end?

Ans. No body knows exactly how this ancient civilization came to an end. Either they were from the north or some great earthquake destroyed them.

Q.9 How do we know Moen-Jo-Daro’s probable age? What can help us to know more about civilization?

Ans. We know Moen-Jo-Daro’s probable ge from the metal objects found from the execution. We can learn more about this civilization if the language experts are able to determine the meanings of the words written on the seals and the pottery.

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