Tuesday, July 31, 2012

Class XI, Principles of Economics, "Factors Determining Efficiency of Labour"

Factors Determining Efficiency of Labour

Some of the factors upon which the efficiency of labourer depend are follows:
1. Personal Characteristics of Labourer
The efficiency of labour depends to a great extant on its race and heredity. The workers belonging to certain races inherit efficiency and are used to such conditions, which belong to their work.
Some races are better endowed with physical and mental capacity than others. Every individual inherits some qualities from her racial stock to which he belongs.
2. Power to Work
A worker needs to possess good and sound health in order to be efficient in his work. He must be intellectual and intelligent. Intelligence and intellect makes a man clear in his thoughts quicker in action and thus incenses his efficiency.
3. Education
Education increases the efficiency of labour. It helps him to perform his duty with more intelligence. Skilled and trained workers prove to be more efficient then the untrained ones. The technical fitness depends upon the opportunities for training of labour.
4. Moral Qualities
Efficiency also depends how much the worker is morally fit. Honesty sincerity soberness and willingness increases the efficiency. The moral fitness depends on the attributes of characters.
5. Climate and physical conditions
The climate and physical conditions of a country affects the workers efficiency. In some countries the extreme conditions of weather restrict the workers to work efficiently. It does not allow the workers to work to there least and thus their efficiency and productivity both fall down. Mild and moderate climate conditions are considered ideal for production.
6. Fair and Prompt Payment
A worker will obviously be instructed in those industries where higher wages are available to him. A well-paid worker is contended and thus puts his heart in his work especially if he is promptly and punctually paid.
7. Nature of Work
Efficiency of labour is also affected by the nature of work. Where the work is monotonous the labourer ceases to take interest in his work. Similarly every work cannot be done with same technique. It depends upon the nature of work that how to perform it. Some works require more efficiency and skill on the part of workers and thus the productive capacity of the workers is increased.
8. Conditions of Work
The working conditions also play an important role in the efficiency of labour. Good lighting, ventilations, sanitations, artistic structure of the building, clean and quite atmosphere have a substantial bearing on the efficiency of workers.
9. Labour Legislations and Social Security
The workers need social security. They want to protect themselves through labour laws. The countries where there are good labour laws the workers or laborers find themselves more secure and hence have high efficiency to work. For getting good production the management must formulate such policies and rules that may give the workers the freedom to work. The countries where the labour legislation is absent their efficiency is very low.
10. Hope for Future Prospects
Labour desire to work in those firms where chances of promotion are available. Workers who have no hopeful prospects even a t good reputation lose to take interest in their work.
11. Division of Labour
Division of labour greatly influences its efficiency. When a whole task is split up into various parts and different parts are entrusted to different workers such workers become expert on performing their respective duties.
12. Efficiency of Organizer
Efficiency of labour also depends upon the ability of the organizer. The manner in which he makes the labour work his behavior his management his choice of machines and raw material introduction of labour organizations and the way he employs his men affect the efficiency of labourer.

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